- Radiation Information Network. Idaho State University's radiation web site.
- IEM Inc. Integrated Environmental Management. Radiation safety and environmental consulting.
- RadSafe Mailing List. Subscribe to this listserver to get daily Q's & A's on issues of current interest to the radiation protection profession.
Nuclear Related Sites
Wahington State Regulations
California Laws and Regulations
U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
U.S. Department of Energy
Environmental Radiation Protection
- Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment. The Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, authorizes DOE to protect the health and safety of the public against radiation. It is the Department's objective to operate its facilities and conduct activities so that radiation exposures to members of the public and the environment are maintained as low as is reasonably achievable (ALARA), within limits established in DOE O 458.1, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment.
- Policies, Standards and Guidance Related to Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment. DOE policies, standards and guidance that supports or helps implement DOE O 458.1, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment.
- DOE Order 5400.5. Radiation Protection of the Public & the Environment. DOE source. Superseded by DOE O 458.1
- DOE Order O 458.1 Change 4. 9-15-2020. Radiation Protection of the Public and Environment. Supersedes DOE Order 5400.5. It establishes requirements to protect the public and the environment against undue risk from radiation associated with radiological activities conducted under the control of the DOE pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended.. DOE source.
DOE-HDBK-1215-2014 Chg Notice 1 (Reaffirmed 2022), Optimizing Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment for use with DOE O 458.1, ALARA Requirements. DOE Source.
- DOE-STD-1196-2022. Derived Concentration Technical Standard. This standard supports the implementation of DOE Order 458.1, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment. It also establishes the numerical values of DCSs in a manner reflecting the current state of knowledge and practice in radiation protection. DOE source.
- DOE-STD-1153-2002. A Graded Approach for Evaluating Radiation Doses to Aquatic and Terrestrial Biota. This technical standard provides methods, models, and guidance within a graded approach that the DOE and its contractors may use to evaluate doses of ionizing radiation to populations of aquatic animals, terrestrial plants, and terrestrial animals from DOE activities for the purpose of demonstrating protection relative to Dose Rate Guidelines. DOE source.
- 10 CFR 834 (Draft). Radiation Protection of the Public and Environment.
Occupational Radiation Protection
- DOE G 441.1-XX (Draft). Control & Release of Property with Residual Radioactive Material. DOE source.
- DOE-STD-1241-2023. DOE Technical Standard. "Implementing Release and Clearance of Property Requirements." Final published version of DOE G 441.1-XX (Draft). Supports 25 mrem/y plus ALARA for real property, 1 mrem/y for personal property, Reg.Guide 1.86 based total and removable surface contamnation, ANSI/HPS N13.12-2013 for volumetric contamnation of building debris and soil, and UMTRCA 5 pGi/g for radium-226 in soil. DOE Source.
- Deactivation & Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information Tool (D&D KM-IT). The Deactivation and Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information Tool (D&D KM-IT) serves as a centralized repository providing a common interface for all D&D related activities. It assists users in gathering, analyzing, storing and sharing knowledge and information within the D&D community. This approach assists in reducing the need to rediscover the knowledge of the past while capturing the new knowledge and experiences gained during D&D operations resulting in enhanced worker safety, schedule efficiencies, and overall reduction of technical risk.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
- USEPA Radiation Protection Division.
- Preliminary Remediation Goals (PRG). Soil cleanup levels based on theoretical 1E-6 risk level.
OSWER 9355.01-83A. Distribution of OSWER Radionuclide Preliminary Remediation Goals (PRGs) for Superfund Electronic Calculator.
- Dose Compliance Concentrations (DCC). Soil cleanup levels based on 1 mrem/y dose level.
OSWER 9355.0-86A. Distribution of OSWER Radionuclide ARAR Dose Compliance Concentrations (DCCs) for Superfund Electronic Calculator.
- Buiding Preliminary Remediation Goals (BPRG). Interior building cleanup goals based on theoretical 1E-6 risk level.
- Building Dose Compliance Concentrations (BDCC). Interior building cleanup goals based on 1 mrem/y dose level.
- Surface Preliminary Remediation Goals (SPRG). Exterior hard surface cleanup goals based on theoretical 1E-6 risk level.
- Surface Dose Compliance Concentrations (SDCC). Exterior hard surface cleanup goals based on 1 mrem/y dose level.
- MARSSIM. "Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual." Revision 1 Guidance from the NRC, DOE, EPA and DOD for performing final status radiological surveys. EPA source.
- MARLAP. Multi-Agency Radiation Laboratory Analytical Protocols
- MARSAME. Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Assessment of Materials and Equipment. Release of materials and equipment using MARSSIM-type protocols. EPA Source.
- Low Activity Radioactive Wastes (LARW). LARW are informally defined as radioactive wastes that contain very small concentrations of radionuclides. The concentrations are small enough that protection of public health and the environment from these wastes may not require all of the radiation protection measures necessary to manage higher-activity radioactive material. At this time, “low-activity” itself is a concept, not a definition.
- Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR). On November 18, 2003, EPA published an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) to collect public comment on alternatives for disposal of waste containing low concentrations of radioactive material (“low-activity” waste). EPA worked with the Department of Energy (DOE), the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and NRC Agreement States in developing the ANPR.
- Radiaton Cancer Risk Modeling. EPA cancer isk modeling utilizing the Blue book and FRG 13.
- Federal Radiation Protection Guidance. EPA's Federal Guidance for Radiation Ptotection
- Risk Assessmment.
EPA uses risk assessment to characterize the nature and magnitude of health risks to humans and ecological receptors from chemical contaminants and other stressors, that may be present in the environment.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
U.S. Government Accountability Office
Inter-Agency Steering Committee on Radiation Standards (ISCORS)
National Academies Press (NAP)
National Academy of Science (NAS)
- BEIR VII. Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation. 2006. NAP source.
- BEIR VI. Health Effects of Exposure to Radon. 1999. NAP source.
- BEIR V. Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation. 1990. NAP source.
- BEIR IV. Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters. 1988. NAP source.
- Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program. 2005. NAP source.
- Adopting the International System of Units for Radiatioin Measurements in the United States. 2017. NAP source.
California Department of Public Health (CDPH)
California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal-EPA)